Prof. Smith, Steven B., PLSC 114, Introduction to Political Philosophy, Fall 2006, YALE Open Courses: Yale University, Political Science (Accessed 03/10/2014), http://oyc.yale.edu/political-science/plsc-114/lecture-11 License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA The discussion of Machiavelli's politics continues in the context of his most famous work, The Prince. A reformer of the moral Christian and classical concepts of goodness and evil, Machiavelli proposes his own definitions of virtue and vice, replacing the vocabulary associated with Plato and the biblical sources. He relates virtue, or virtu, to manliness, force, ambition and the desire to achieve success at all costs. Fortune, or fortuna, is a woman, that must be conquered through policies of force, brutality, and audacity. The problem of "dirty hands" in political and philosophical literature is discussed in detail.