Wright, Craig, MUSI 112 Listening to Music, Fall 2008. Yale Open Course Ware: Music, Accessed 5/10/14, http://oyc.yale.edu/music/musi-112/lecture-5 License: Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 This lecture explores the basic nature of melody. Touching on historical periods ranging from ancient Greece to the present day, Professor Wright draws examples from musical worlds as disparate as nineteenth-century Europe and twentieth-century India, China, and America. Professor Wright puts forth a historical, technical, and holistic approach to understanding the way pitches and scales work in music. He concludes his lecture by bringing pitch and rhythm together in a discussion of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.