Lesson 1
Enlightenment Tradition I - Classical Utilitarianism 1
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Prof. Shapiro, Ian, PLSC 118, The Moral Foundations of Politics, Spring 2010, YALE Open Courses: Yale University, Political Science (Accessed 04/10/2014), http://oyc.yale.edu/political-science/plsc-118/lecture-4 License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Jeremy Bentham's formulation of classical utilitarianism is the first Enlightenment tradition that the course will cover in depth. In his Principles of Morals and Legislation, Bentham outlines the principle of utility. Professor Shapiro presents the case that classical utilitarianism has five characteristics: (1) it is comprehensive and deterministic, (2) it is a pre-Darwinian naturalist doctrine, (3) it is egoistic but not subjectivist, (4) it is highly consequentialist, and (5) it is based on the idea that utility is quantifiable and that one can make interpersonal comparisons of utility.


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