Holloway, Jonathan. AFAM 162, African American History: From Emancipation to the Present, Spring 2010. Open Yale Courses, http://oyc.yale.edu/african-american-studies/afam-162/lecture-6 Accessed 09/09/2014 License: Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 license. In this lecture, Professor Holloway explains the two major schools of thought that emerged at the end of the century to solve the problems of black social and economic distress. The accommodationists, like Booker T. Washington, believed that the quickest way to improve the quality of black life was to forge a social peace with powerful whites. Opposed to Washington were people like Anna Julia Cooper and W.E.B. Du Bois who embraced assimilation and saw higher education as the cure-all to racialized problems.