Holloway, Jonathan. AFAM 162, African American History: From Emancipation to the Present, Spring 2010. Open Yale Courses, http://oyc.yale.edu/african-american-studies/afam-162/lecture-1 Accessed 08/09/2014 License: Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 license. Professor Holloway offers an introduction to the course. He uses the African American experience as a prism to understand American history. He highlights specific examples of the linkage between freedom, citizenship, and the denial of citizenship, including an ex-slave's epitaph and Confederate scrip. Finally, Professor Holloway shows how the post-emancipation African American experience is a history of political struggle, social protest, social control, cultural celebration, and a history of powerful relevance today for many of its political and cultural symbols.