Lesson 1
The Structure and Surface Potential of Ozone 1
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Prof. McBride, J. Michael, CHEM 125a, Freshman Organic Chemistry I, Fall 2008, YALE Open Courses: Yale University, Chemistry (Accessed 11/09/2014), http://oyc.yale.edu/chemistry/chem-125a/lecture-3 License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA Professor McBride introduces the double-well potential of the ozone molecule and its structural equilibrium. The inability for inverse-square force laws to account for stable arrangements of charged particles is prescribed by Earnshaw's Theorem, which may be visualized by means of lines of force. J.J. Thomson circumvented Earnshaw's prohibition on structure by postulating a "plum-pudding" atom. When Rutherford showed that the nucleus was a point, Thomson had to conclude that Coulomb's law was invalid at small distances.

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